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Forgery: The Maxine Waters Letter | Media Manipulation Casebook

By Joan Donovan and Brian Friedberg
July 7, 2021

In December 2017, congressional candidate Omar Navarro instigated a media manipulation campaign to denigrate his political opponent, Congresswoman Maxine Waters. Exploiting prejudice and wedge issues via a forgery, his campaign was seeded by pseudonymous participants and right-wing influencers online. After Waters formally challenged the harassment on Twitter, the campaign was amplified by mainstream press, and investigated by the FBI. Navarro has adjusted tactics to continue harassing Waters and other political opponents after his initial campaign failed to lead to his election.

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Source: Forgery: The Maxine Waters Letter | Media Manipulation Casebook