News on Mitigating Misinformation

When a news photo makes its journey from a camera to publication, it passes through many devices, technologies and people. Each step in this journey is designed to ensure the truthfulness and accuracy of the person or event depicted in the photo. However, once the photo makes it to the internet, it can end up […]

Analysis of social media using digital methods is a flourishing approach. However, the relatively easy availability of data collected via platform application programming interfaces has arguably led to the predominance of single-platform research of social media. Such research has also privileged the role of text in social media analysis, as a form of data that […]

News organizations have adapted in various ways to a digital media environment dominated by algorithmic gatekeepers such as search engines and social networks. This article dissects a campaign to actively shape that environment led by professional fact-checking organizations. We trace the development of the Share the Facts “widget,” a device designed to give fact-checks greater […]

Following the 2016 U.S. election, researchers and policymakers have become intensely concerned about the dissemination of “fake news,” or false news stories in circulation (Lazer et al., 2017). Research indicates that fake news is shared widely and has a pro-Republican tilt (Allcott and Gentzkow, 2017). Facebook now flags dubious stories as disputed and tries to […]

WhatsApp is the most popular messaging app in the world. The closed nature of the app, in addition to the ease of transferring multimedia and sharing information to large-scale groups make WhatsApp unique among other platforms, where an anonymous encrypted messages can become viral, reaching multiple users in a short period of time. The personal […]

This final chapter borrows the concept of force of falsity from the famous Italian semiotician and novelist Umberto Eco to describe how manipulated information remains visible and accessible despite efforts to debunk it. In particular, search engine indexes are getting confused by disinformation and they too often fail to retrieve the authentic piece of content, […]

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While some people argue for increased government intervention in the form of legal duties to remove various types of unwanted content, others maintain that the best solution is to reconstruct some sort of democratic process within a service’s “polity” itself, a procedural solution to knotty problems of substance. I want to complicate the debate by […]

Social networks have been instrumental in spreading rumor such as fake news and false rumors. Research in rumor intervention to date has concentrated on launching an intervening campaign to limit the number of infectees. However, many emerging and important tasks focus more onearly intervention. Social and psychological studies have revealed that rumors might evolve 70% […]

Whatsapp is a messenger app that is currently very popular around the world. With a user-friendly interface, it allows people to instantaneously exchange messages in a very intuitive and fluid way. The app also allows people to interact using group chats, sharing messages, videos, audios, and images. These groups can also be a fertile ground […]

Late on the night of Thursday, 26 June, Kyrgyzstan’s parliament passed a controversial anti-disinformation law. This occurred despite enormous grassroots online protests against the bill, including upwards of 1,200 critical comments from Facebook users against its main sponsor Gulshat Asylbayeva, a member of the ruling coalition’s Önügüü-Progress Party. The unusual hour of the law’s passing, […]

For a decade and a half, Facebook has dominated the landscape of digital social networks, becoming one of the most powerful arbiters of online speech. Twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, over two billion users leverage the platform to post, share, discuss, react to, and access content from all over the globe. Through […]

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